- Zechariah Field (photos included)
1596, Ardsley, South Yorkshire, England - Jun. 30, 1666, Hatfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, USA
He was the husband of Mary____Field, who died about 1670, and he was the son of John Field Jr of East Ardsley, Yorkshire, England.
Children: Mary Field Carter, Zechariah Field Jr(first husband of Sarah Webb Price), John Field, Samuel Field, and Joseph Field.
John Field (1648 - 1717)*
Samuel Field (1651 - 1697)*
Joseph Field (1658 - 1736)*
Note: It is possible that the two small stones either side of the Zechariah Field Monument are of Zechariah and his wife Mary, but they are difficult to read and do not seem to be of the correct style or age.
Burial: Hill Cemetery, Hatfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, USA
Created by: Kevin Avery
Record added: Jan 04, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 32622078
18 Feb 2013
ZECHARIAH FIELD (John, John, Richard, William, William, Thomas, Thomas, John; Thomas; Roger), b. East Ardsley, Yorkshire, England, in 1596; rn. about 1641, Mary -----. She d. about 1670. He d. June 30, 1666. Res. Dorchester, Mass., in 1629; Hartford, Conn., in 1636; Northampton, in 1659, and Hatfield, Mass., in 1663.
Zechariah Field, son of John, and grandson of John Field, the astronomer, born in East Ardsley, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, about 1600. He probably came to New England through Wales, and sailed from Bristol, and arrived in Boston in 1629. and settled in Dorchester.
In 1636 a large number of English emigrants, among whom was Zechariah Field, removed from Cambridge, Dorchester and Watertown, to Hartford. Windsor and Wethersfield, Conn. He settled in Hartford; his residence was upon Sentinel Hill, near the present north end of Main street. At this time he was still in the vigor of manhood, and was one of the forty-two men furnished by Hartford to take part in the Pequod war.
In venturing thus far toward the frontier he exposed his family to great dangers from the savages that were lurking near the new settlements. A few years later King Philips war stirred up the Indians from one end of Massachusetts to the other. The massacre of Bloody Brook (a part of Deerfield), in which a whole company of soldiers were killed, put a thrill of horror through the new settlements, that were soon deserted, the people fleeing to Northampton for safety. But a few months later the whites turned the tide in the battle of Turner's Falls, which gave them rest for some years, till the Indians were stirred up again by the French, and attacking Deerfield at night, set fire to the town and massacred part of the inhabitants, and made prisoners of the rest. In all these terrible scenes few families suffered more than the Field family, of whom some were killed and others, including women, carried into captivity, to Canada. But in spite of all these dangers the brave settlers held the frontier and became the ancestors of families who have kept the name unsullied, honored and revered. Among their descendants are not only judges, senators, congressmen, clergymen, lawyers and physicians, but men of business, and one--Marshall Field, of Chicago--the leading dry goods merchant in the world.
In 1659 Zechariah removed to Northampton, where he was engaged in mercantile business, and had a large trade with the Indians. He was one of the twenty-five persons who engaged to settle in what is now Hatfield, and was one of the committee to lay out the lands. They were to have their houses built and occupy them before Michaelmas (Sept. 29, 1664 but he did not probably go there until the next year, where he died, June 30, 1666. After his removal to Hatfield he was in business. His home lot contained eight acres, and was the first lot north of the Northampton road, and is now (1879) owned by William Billings, Esq.
"Zechariah Field was the first of the names to come to America from England, in 1630, and he is the ancestor of a large proportion of the families of that name, not only in New England, but in the United States. He was in Boston and Dorchester and moved thence to Hartford, Conn., going through the wilderness to the Connecticut river, where he was one of the first settlers. He owned large tracts of land there, some of which are now in the heart of the city of Hartford, one of these is now crossed by Asylum street, and is adorned by some of its most beautiful residences in that city. In 1644 dissensions arose in the church, which could not be successfully reconciled. He, with others of the early settlers, bought nine miles square of land lying north of Mt. Holyoke. Mr. Field settled in the part now named Northampton. In 1661 a grunt was given him in the part now Hatfield, to which place he moved, and there passed the remainder of his days."
"Zechariah was the first to make his home in New England, and has the most numerous descendants, being the ancestor not only of a large proportion of the families of the name of Field in New England, but in the United States. He emigrated and landed in Boston in 1629, and settled in Dorchester. In 1636 a number of English emigrants, among whom was Zechariah Field, removed from Cambridge, Dorchester and Watertown to Connecticut, and settled in the towns of Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor. Zechariah settled in Hartford, and his residence was upon Sentinel Hill, near the north end of Main street. He also owned lands upon which is Asylum street. The early historians of Connecticut speak of these emigrants as among the earliest planters in the state, and were all well-to-do persons. In 1658, after the death of Rev. Thomas Hooker, the first minister of the church in Hartford, a serious controversy arose in that and the neighboring churches of Windsor and Wethersfield, in relation to the "qualification for baptism, church membership and the rights of the brotherhood," and all efforts at reconciliation proving unsuccessful, the minority in the churches of Hartford and vicinity, with the view of extricating themselves and their children from these ecclesiastical dissensions, and being attracted by the beautiful and productive meadows on the Connecticut river above Northampton, associated themselves together to the number of sixty, of whom Zechariah Field was one, purchased of the Nonotuck Indians on the east side of the river a tract of land nine miles square, extending from Mount Holyoke to Napasoneag brook, nearly twelve miles up and down the river, which included the town of Hadley, and parts of the towns of Amherst, Granby, Leverett and Sunderland. They also purchased the same year of the Northampton proprietors Capawonk, which included Hatfield meadow and Hockanum, on the east side of the river, opposite Northampton. In 1659 fifty-nine of these associates came up to Hadley, where forty-six remained, and thirteen came across the river, and mostly settled in Hatfield. Mr. Field settled in Northampton, where he was engaged in mercantile business and had a large trade with the Indians. He was one of the twenty-five persons who engaged to settle in what is now Hatfield. They were to have their houses built and occupy them before Michaelmas (Sept. 29, 1661). His home lot contained eight acres, and was the first lot south of the Northampton road, where the dwelling of William Billings now (1880) stands. Referring to the causes which led these people to leave their newly acquired homes in Connecticut, and go forth into the wilderness and make for themselves new homes, where dangers were ever present. True, they bought the lands from the Indians and the title deed signed by Umpanchala and his brother, Etowomq, granting the land from Mill river, or Capawonk, to the north side of the great meadows, and to extend back westerly from the Connecticut river nine miles. Yet this gave them no immunity from the continual alarms of Indian warfare which soon after sprung up, and was nearly continuous until the capture of the Canada's by the English and colonists which resulted in the peace of Paris in 1763." -- Rodney Field.
The early portion of the history of Hatfield will be found in the history of Hadley, of which it originally formed a part. With Hadley, it was settled in 1659, and, although it was municipally and ecclesiastically a portion of Hadley, it began at an early day to transact certain kinds of business independently, in what were denominated "side meetings," the "side" having reference to the opposite side of the river from the center of jurisdiction. The inconveniences resulting from the necessity of crossing the river to attend meetings, were felt from the first, and when the population had been somewhat increased, in the passage of a few years, they gave rise to a controversy which at last resulted in the establishment of the town of Hatfield. Petitions and manifestoes, almost without number, were sent to the General Court from both sides.
The Hartford, Conn., land records have a large number of conveyances, grantor and grantee of Zechariah Field (1639 to 1662). Those old transfers were not much more than a memorandum.
The most prominent and controlling cause which led to the settling of Hadley and Hatfield was, without a doubt, the disagreement that arose in the churches, that had been planted at Hartford, Wethersfield and Windsor, Conn. Hubbard says that the disagreements ended in the removal of one part of the church to Hadley and Hatfield. The cause of disagreement was simply this: Quite a minority in these churches held to different views relating to qualifications for baptism, church membership and the rights of the brotherhood. As relating to baptism, the minority held that it parents were respectable and not open to reproach for bad conduct, on their consenting to the covenant, they should have their children baptized. A matter of vital importance, as it was supposed and believed that without this rite having been administered, the child dying would be forever lost, even before it came to a knowledge of good and evil. And then some believed that no one should be permitted to enjoy church membership, except those that gave some evidence of their faith; while the minority wanted all to be admitted to the Lord's table, who had competent knowledge, and who were not immoral, though not claiming to have been regenerated. And then the minority were in favor of congregational form of government rather than a government by the elders and clergy.
Thus we see the causes which led these people to leave their homes and go forth into the wilderness, and make for themselves new homes, where dangers were even present. True, they bought their lands of the Indians, and the title deed, signed by Umpanchala, and his brother, Etowomq, granting the land from Mill river, or Capawonk, to the north side of the Great or North Meadows, and to extend back westerly from the Connecticut river nine miles. Yet this gave them no immunity from the dangers resulting from the almost constant roar maintained by the various Indian tribes all along our frontier settlements. Among those who cared more for free religious thought and action then he did for sitting supinely by and allowing the minister to do the thinking for him, was the ancestor of our worthy host, Zechariah Field. Indeed he dared leave his house and lands, and although then three score years old, to leave all and go out into a new land, and built for himself a new home, where Indians roamed the fields, fished in our brooks, hunted in our woods, and planted corn in our meadows, sold brooms to our housewives, begged cold victuals, and strong water when they could get it, from our very religious ancestors in times of peace. But when ere long, strife was engendered and ruthless savage warfare was waged around our little frontier settlements; then, indeed, the faith and trust of these noble men, was equal to the occasion, and while they bravely defended their wives and little ones from the savage foe with such skill and power as they possessed they never forgot the great facts of their faith and calmly trusted in the Lord for that deliverance which He alone could give.
[Field Genealogy]